This overview includes additional information on the indicators presented above, such as a brief definition of the indicator and a description of the politically determined target value, as well as the political intention for selecting the indicator.
|Definition of indicators (Taken from the official translation of the German Sustainable Development Strategy)||
This indicator shows expenditure on research and development by the private sector, the state and institutions of higher education in relation to gross domestic product.
|Target and intention of the German Government (Taken from the official translation of the German Sustainable Development Strategy)||
Expenditure on research and development (R&D) is a crucial parameter, albeit not the sole determining factor, in setting the pace of innovation of an economy. The higher the spending, the greater the likelihood of more dynamic gains in productivity, stronger economic growth and improved competitiveness. The German Government will leave no stone unturned in pursuit of its policy objective to raise private and public R&D spending – an important determinant of the pace of an economy’s innovation – to at least 3.5% of GDP annually by 2025.
The data published in the indicator report 2021 is as of 31.12.2020. The data shown on the DNS-Online-Platform is updated regularly, so that more current data may be available online than published in the indicator report 2021.
|Last modification of code (data)||2021-06-30: see changes on GitHub opens in a new window|
|Last modification of code (text)||2021-09-10: see changes on GitHub opens in a new window|